The United Nations Human Rights Treaty System

10th November 2012

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This Fact Sheet provides a general introduction to the core international human rights treaties and the committees, or “treaty bodies”, that monitor their implementation by State parties.1 The nine core international human rights treaties covered in this Fact Sheet set international standards for the protection and promotion of human rights to which States can subscribe by becoming a party.

These treaties are:

  • The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination;
  • The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights;
  • The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights;
  • The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women;
  • The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment;
  • The Convention on the Rights of the Child;
  • The International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families;
  • The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities;
  • The International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance.

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